Shortage of blue-collar workers in Belarus has increased
The shortage of personnel in Belarus is increasing, as it follows from the data provided by the Ministry of Labour. Moreover, the shortage of blue-collar workers is growing. The situation in Minsk is the worst: almost 23 thousand people of trade qualifications are required in the capital city.
Which regions have the highest unemployment rate?
As of September 1, there were 7.6 thousand officially unemployed people in Belarus. At the same time, the actual unemployment, which is calculated according to the methodology of the International Labour Organization, approximately 25 times exceeds the official one.
According to Belstat (National Statistics Committee of the Republic of Belarus), in the first half of the year, the actual unemployment rate amounted to 4.1% of the labour force. There were 205.3 thousand unemployed people. The official unemployment rate is about 25 times lower than the actual one.
In the beginning of this month, the highest rate for the official unemployment was recorded in the Brest Region – 1.5 thousand people, and the lowest rate – in the Minsk Region (less than 700 people). As for the Vitebsk Region, 1.3 thousand people were unemployed there; in the Grodno and Mogilev Regions – 1.2 thousand people in each.
One of the main reasons why Belarusians are not registered with employment centers is the low amount of unemployment benefits. Its maximum is two basic values (58 BYN). But in fact, the average benefit is within 30 BYN. The Ministry of Labour has repeatedly announced plans to increase these payments; however, this has not yet been done.
In addition, employment centers often provide job offers from employers which are publicly available in the nationwide job bank.
Shortage of blue-collar workers is increasing
According to the Ministry of Labour, as of September 1, the total shortage of workers in the country amounted to 93.4 thousand people. This is almost 2 thousand people more than as of July 1. “The demand for blue-collar workers amounted to 66.4% of the total number of job vacancies (as of September 1, 2020 – 62.3%)”, the Ministry of Labour reports. For example, as of July 1 of this year, this rate was 64.9%.
At the beginning of September, the worst shortage of blue-collar workers was recorded in Minsk – 22.7 thousand people (as of July 1 – 21.9 thousand people). For comparison: the shortage rate of blue-collar workers in the Minsk Region is 15.8 thousand people, in the Grodno Region – 13.1 thousand people, in the Gomel Region – 12.1 thousand people, in the Brest Region – 11.2 thousand people, in the Mogilev Region – 9.6 thousand people, in the Vitebsk Region – 8.9 thousand people.